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电化学 ›› 2021, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 83-91.  doi: 10.13208/j.electrochem.200607

所属专题: “下一代二次电池”专题文章

• 研究论文与评述 • 上一篇    下一篇

白藜芦醇对长期贮存锂离子电池电解液性能的影响

张蕾, 张绪平, 张思维, 庄全超*()   

  1. 中国矿业大学材料与物理学院,江苏 徐州 221116
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-08 修回日期:2020-06-28 出版日期:2021-02-28 发布日期:2020-07-06
  • 通讯作者: 庄全超 E-mail:zhuangquanchao@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(U1730136);中央高校基本科研业务费(2017XKQY062)

Influence of Resveratrol on Performance of Long-Term Storage’s Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolyte

Lei Zhang, Xu-Ping Zhang, Si-Wei Zhang, Quan-Chao Zhuang*()   

  1. Lithium ion battery lab, School of Materials & Physics, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2020-06-08 Revised:2020-06-28 Online:2021-02-28 Published:2020-07-06
  • Contact: Quan-Chao Zhuang E-mail:zhuangquanchao@126.com

摘要:

锂离子电池电解液从制造完成到使用,一般都会经历灌装、运输和贮存的过程,了解长期贮存过程对锂离子电池电解液性能的影响,对锂离子电池的生产具有一定的理论指导意义。本文运用电化学阻抗谱(EIS)测试并结合循环伏安法(CV)测试、充放电测试、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)等研究了1 mol·L-1 LiPF6-EC:EMC基础电解液中添加不同浓度白藜芦醇(RES)时,在长期贮存过程中对石墨电极性能的影响及机制。研究结果表明,新鲜的基础电解液在经历6个月的贮存后,石墨电极在其中无论是可逆循环容量还是循环稳定性(容量保持率)均出现大幅度的下降。这主要是由于在经历6个月贮存后的基础电解液中,石墨电极表面形成的 SEI 膜较厚,进而导致锂离子嵌入过程的不稳定造成的。在基础电解液中添加不同浓度的白藜芦醇均能有效抑制电解液长期贮存造成的石墨电极在其中电化学性能的下降,当基础电解液中含有200 ppm白藜芦醇经历6个月贮存后,石墨电极无论是可逆容量还是循环性能稳定性甚至优异于在新鲜的电解液中。

关键词: 锂离子电池, 电解液, 石墨电极, 白藜芦醇

Abstract:

Electrolyte of lithium-ion battery usually goes through processes of filling, transportation and storage from the completion of manufacture to the use. Understanding the influence of long-term storage process on performance of lithium-ion battery electrolyte is of theoretical significance for production of lithium-ion battery. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images showed that the solid electrolyte interface (SEI) film formed on the surface of the graphite electrode was thicker in the base electrolyte after 6 months of storage. The charge/discharge test results showed that the reversible cycle capacity and cycle stability (capacity retention rate) of graphite electrode decreased significantly after 6 months of storage. This might be due to the thicker SEI film formed on the surface of the graphite electrode, which in turn led to the instability of the lithium-ion intercalation process. When the base electrolyte containing 200 ppm resveratrol was stored for 6 months, the reversible capacity and cycle performance stability of the graphite electrode were even better than those in fresh base electrolyte. The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) idicated that adding 200 ppm resveratrol to the base electrolyte could effectively suppress the decline in the electrochemical performance of the graphite electrode caused by long-term storage of the base electrolyte.

Key words: lithium-ion battery, electrolyte, graphite electrode, resveratrol