1.User Instructions for Submission System
After entering the information about the manuscript, please click “Complete submission” on the last page. Otherwise, the manuscript will remain in the draft, and the Editorial Board will be unable to proceed to the next processing stage.
(1) Click “Online submission” under “Author Center” in the left column. Enter your username and password and then click “Login.” If this is your first time using this online submission system, please click “Register” first and fill in your personal information (please complete as much information as possible). Afterwards, click “Enter.” Upon successful registration, the system will send the username and password that you set up to your registered e-mail (please ensure that the e-mail address is accurate).
(2) Click “Submission guide” and enter the basic information about your manuscript. If there are any special characters in the title, keywords, or abstract of your manuscript, you may enter them by clicking “Select special characters.”
(3) When there are multiple authors, you are required to click “Search and add an author” to fill in the information for each of the authors.
(4) When uploading your manuscript, please click “Browse” and select the manuscript that you wish to upload. Afterwards, click “Upload” and then “Complete submission” to submit your manuscript officially.
(5) After revising the manuscript, you can submit the revised manuscript online on the “Submit revised manuscript” page; you must first select the revised version of the manuscript that you wish to replace before proceeding to the next step.
The article should be original, novel, scientific, important, interesting, and expressive, requiring accurate expression, concise text, focused emphasis, authentic data, and credible conclusions.
Titles should clearly and concisely reflect the emphasis and content of the paper. Titles are usually used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid series number, abbreviations, and formula where possible.
2.1 Author names and affiliations
Use all capital letters for the family names of the authors to avoid ambiguity (e.g., John R. SMITH). Give full names, complete postal addresses, and the country names of authors’ affiliations below the authors’ names. Indicate all affiliations with a superscript number immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address.
2.3 Corresponding author
Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication, and post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
2.4 Funding agencies
Include the source of financial support in the text after the corresponding author, beginning with "This work was supported by". This should not be placed in the Acknowledgments.
2.5 Abstract and key words
A concise, factual, and detailed abstract of around 400~600 words is required for all manuscripts. This should state the research purpose, main methods, principal results, and major conclusions. Important experimental data such as specific capacitance should be presented if necessary. Avoid the use of abbreviations in abstracts.
Immediately after the abstract, list 5–8 key words that best describe the nature of the research, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only use abbreviations firmly established in the field. These key words will be used for indexing purposes.
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to "the text". Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
The introduction should state the objectives of the work and provide adequate background of the study, its relationship to previous works in the field, the questions to be answered, and the methods used, to allow a reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present work. Authors should include an introductory statement outlining the scientific motivation for the research, which clearly state the questions to be answered as well as the connections of the present work with previous and current works in the field. Relevant previous work by the same authors should be referenced. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. The introduction should also point out how the work contributed to the scientific objective.
Provide sufficient details to enable others to repeat the experiments. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference, but new and modified experimental procedures should be described in detail.
2.8 Results and discussion
This section may be combined or kept separate and may be further divided by subheadings. The results should be given clearly and concisely, and the discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work. Give results in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. In the discussion section, the author should discuss the significance of his/her observations, measurements, or computations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations.
2.9 Figures and tables
All figures and tables must be referenced in the text and placed in the text near the point of the first mention. Number them consecutively with Arabic numerals. The captions should be understandable without reference to the text. The same data should not be presented in more than one figure or in both a figure and a table. Tables should be created using the table format feature of the MS Word software, and authors should ensure that each data entry is in its own table cell. Schemes are illustrations of chemical structures and reactions, and should be numbered with Arabic numerals in consecutive order. In the initial manuscript submission, the figures and tables must be of sufficient quality for peer review. When the manuscript is accepted, all figures and tables, and their titles and legends may be re-created or edited to accord with the Journal style prior to publication or authors may be asked to provide proper figures (including experimental data) by the production staff.
All graphics (including chemical structures) must be provided at the actual size that they are to appear (single-column width is 6.8 cm, double-column width is 14 cm). Please arrange schematics so that they fill the column space (either single or double), so as not to leave a lot of unused white space. Please ensure that all illustrations within a paper are consistent in type, quality, and size. Legends may be included as part of the graphic for reviewing purposes.
To help authors provide actual size graphics, it is suggested that the following settings be used with CSC ChemDraw and ISIS Draw: font 10 pt Times New Roman, chain angle 120°, bond spacing 18% of length, fixed length 14.4 pt (0.508 cm), bold width 2 pt (0.071 cm), line width 0.6 pt (0.021 cm), margin width 1.6 pt (0.056 cm), and hash spacing 2.5 pt (0.088 cm). The original drawing cannot exceed a column width of 6.8 cm (for single column) and 14.0 cm (for double column). And add the Schemes to the main text by copying and pasting. Please save graphics as a file with .cdx extension and submit it together with the main text. It is suggested that the following settings be used with Origin software: font 9 pt Times New Roman, Line Width 0.5, Symbol size 0.3, in Title & Format chain: Thichness 0.3，Major Tick 3，Majora and Minor both In, Ratio 100 in Copy Page Settings in Options. The original drawing cannot exceed a column width of 6.8 cm (for single column) and 14.0 cm (for double column). And add the Schemes to the main text by copying and pasting.
Formats. Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please "save as" or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below).
TIFF: the minimum resolution for a black and white line art, grayscale art, and color art is 1200, 600, and 300 dpi, respectively.
TIFF: Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale) of a minimum of 600 dpi is required.
DOC, XLS or PPT: If your electronic artwork is created in any of these Microsoft Office applications please supply "as is".
2.10 Units of measurements, symbols and abbreviations
All measurements should be expressed in the international system of units (SI). Other quantities should be converted into SI units. Italicize symbols of physical quantities, but not their units. Temperature units should be presented as either °C or K in the same paper. Leave a single space between the number and the unit of a value. Each abbreviation must be defined the first time it is used in the body of the manuscript.
For Articles and Reviews, a conclusion that briefly summarizes the principal conclusions of the work is necessary. The conclusion is an extension of the results and discussion, but not a simple repetition. It is also different from the abstract. No more than one paragraph is recommended.
When a large number of field-specific terms are used in the manuscript, list their definitions in this section.
Technical assistance, material support, and other help or advice may be acknowledged briefly in this section (excluding financial support, which should appear in the text after corresponding author).
Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Ensure that each reference cited in the text receives its own numeral and is present in the reference list (and vice versa). Each reference should be separately numbered without the use of alphabetical suffixes. Personal communications, unpublished materials, and works that have not yet been accepted for publication are not suggested as references. In the reference list, periodicals , books , multi-author books with editors , and patents  should be cited similarly to the following examples:
 Guo P P, Huang Y J, Yang H Y, Li W, Zhang Q L, Li W S. Preparations of composite electrodes of Pt with HxWO3 and catalytic activity toward oxygen reduction reaction[J]. J. Electrochem., 2008, 14(4): 398-401.
Authors' and editors' names are given as surname followed by initials. List the names of all authors. Journal titles must in full name. Volume and issue must also be list.
Web references. The full URL and the date when the reference was last approached should be provided. Any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references are strongly recommended to be presented directly in the text without listing in the reference list.
2.15 Graphical abstract
Authors must supply a graphical abstract at the time the paper is first submitted. The graphical abstract should be placed in a new word format. The graphical abstract should summarize the contents of the paper in a concise pictorial form designed to capture the attention and arouse of a wide readership. The graphic abstract includes: (1) Title of the manuscript; (2) Author’s name; (3) Author’s affiliation; (4) Description (60 words), which should not be the same as the abstract, and repetition or paraphrasing of the title and presentation of experimental details should be avoided; (5) A small colorful figure representative of the work described or some other informative illustration such as a key model, structure, reaction, equation, concept, or theorem, etc., or an ingenious representation to provide the reader with a strong image of the content of the article. The Figure should be a maximum size of 155 mm high and 210 mm wide. The color pictures here will be reproduced in color free of charge.
2.16 Supplementary material
The journal accepts electronic supplementary material to support and intensify your scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author supplementary possibilities to publish supporting applications, high resolution images, background datasets and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article. In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please provide the qualified Figures, Schemes, Tables, and Equations according the requirement in the Figures and Tables (see 2.9). Please do not upload figures and tables that will be published in the article into the supporting information file.
Authors should complete manuscripts using this template and upload to the submission system.