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Journal of Electrochemistry ›› 2017, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 110-122.doi: 10.13208/j.electrochem.161242

• Special Issue in Honor of Professor Zhaowu Tian on His 90th Birthday • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Recent Progress in Template-Assisted Synthesis of Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbons for Oxygen Electroreduction

Wenhan Niu1, Ligui Li1*, and Shaowei Chen1,2*   

  1. 1. New Energy Research Institute, School of Environment and Energy, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Centre, Guangzhou 510006, China.; 2. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, California 95064, United States.
  • Received:2016-12-06 Revised:2017-01-05 Online:2017-04-28 Published:2017-01-11
  • Contact: Ligui Li, Shaowei Chen E-mail:esguili@scut.edu.cn; shaowei@ucsc.edu
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC 51402111) and the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities (SCUT Grant No. 2153860). S.W.C. thanks the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC 21528301) for partial support of the work.

Abstract: Nitrogen (N)-doped porous carbons are potential alternatives to precious metal catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at the cathodes of proton exchange membrane fuel cells and metal-air batteries. Template-assisted synthesis has been used extensively as a robust and versatile method in the preparation of such carbon catalysts, where the ORR activity has been found to be dependent on various structural parameters, such as the concentrations and molecular configurations of the dopants, and the porosity, surface accessibility and electrical conductivity of the carbon materials. In this review, we summarize recent progress in this area of research focusing on the design, preparation and engineering of N-doped porous carbons, as well as their ORR catalytic activity. Future trends in the development of N-doped porous carbons are also pointed out.

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