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Journal of Electrochemistry ›› 2005, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (1): 16-19.

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A Study of Metal Borides as High Capacity Anode Materials for Aqueous Primary Batteries

WANG Ya-dong, AI Xin-ping, YANG Han-xi~   

  1. (*)(Department of Chemistry, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
  • Received:2005-02-28 Revised:2005-02-28 Online:2005-02-28 Published:2005-02-28

Abstract: The transition metal borides VB_2 and TiB_2 were tested as high capacity anode materials and their electrochemical behaviors were studied by cyclic voltammetry and discharge measurements. The experimental results indicated that transition metal borides VB_2 and TiB_2 electrodes can deliver exceptionally high discharge capacity of over 3100 mAH/g and 1 600 mAH/g respectively, corresponding to 11- and 6-electron oxidation reaction, although their parent elements V, Ti and boron, are almost completely electrochemically inert. The different electrochemical activitis were probably due to the electrochemical activation of boron, which clamp the potential to passivation for Ti and activity for V.

Key words: Diborides, Anode materials, Multi-electron reaction, Alkaline batterie

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